The world’s total digital data volume is doubling in size every two years, prompting organizations to find new ways to secure their complex data. In their new NVTC member blog, LMI provides tactics for determining cybersecurity threats in your organization’s digital supply chain and securing critical data.


LMILogoThe world’s total digital data volume is doubling in size every two years, and by 2020 will contain nearly as many digital bits as there are stars in the universe. Most of this data is created and communicated over the Internet, whose “population grew by more than 750 percent in the past 15 years to over 3 billion. This population shares more than 2.5 million pieces of content on Facebook, tweets more than 300,000 times, and sends more than 204 million text messages—every minute.”

With the advent of the Internet of Things and other innovative technology platforms, organizations must continuously analyze and secure their complex data. For supply chain operations, digitalization has enabled leaders to access data faster and build stronger connections within a given supply chain. While there are clear benefits of the digital supply chain, there are challenges that need to be overcome in order to realize its full potential.

According to Ernst & Young, complex data presents numerous challenges to supply chains:

  • The volume of data is skyrocketing as diverse data sources, processes and systems show unprecedented growth. Companies are trying to capture and store everything, without first establishing the data’s business utility.
  • The fact is, technology is enabling this proliferating data complexity—continuing to ignore the need for an enterprise data strategy and information management approach will not only increase “time to insight,” but it may actually lead to incorrect insights.

LMI IMagePerhaps, none of these challenges is as critical as an organization’s ability to successfully secure its supply chain data given the IT security risks posed by the Internet. In fact, 30 percent of supply chain professionals are “very concerned” about a data breach.” The concerns of these professionals are well-founded. The number of cybersecurity breaches is growing by 64 percent every year with 60 percent of cyber breaches linked to insiders—current and former employees, contractors, service providers, suppliers and business partners.

Unfortunately, many organizations are unaware of the security vulnerabilities within their supply chain or how to determine those vulnerabilities. To help organizations determine their vulnerabilities, start by answering the following three questions:
1. How will the product be used and managed in the system? While any system breach is bad, the compromise of a system managing classified data is a much worse than a system that is managing publically available data. Understanding the use of the Information and Communication Technology (ICT) equipment will help determine the resources appropriate to secure the system. In reviewing the product use, consider what other systems are connected to the focus system. A less secure system can serve as a pathway to attack a more highly secured connected system. This was the method used to steal credit card numbers from Target in 2013.

2. How is the system connected to the rest of the world? A system that is connected to the public Internet will need more reliable security, since it would be easy to find and attack. On the other hand, a system that is isolated from any other network would have a much lower risk of attack or data breach, since the attacker would need to be in physical proximity of the system.

3. Who are the system users? Are the users internal employees who are trained on security procedures or is the system accessed by a public user base which may not consider risky security behaviors? Simple security procedures, such as keeping passwords secret and maintaining current anti-virus software, cannot be counted on if you do not directly control users’ environments.

By answering these questions, organizations could quickly and effectively determine the security vulnerabilities within their digital supply chain. Organizations can also contact our cybersecurity experts who can help you monitor, prioritize, and effectively manage your risks to create an optimal level of security based on mission priorities and resource constraints.

 

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What do cloud and AI mean for human resources? Will automation replace human resource functions and associates? Read on to find out in Insperity’s newest NVTC guest blog.


insperity v2Cloud-based tech solutions for human resources offer the promise of easy installation and implementation, but does such software really eliminate the need for HR staff?

The short answer is no.

While new technical offerings can improve the efficiency and speed of many HR processes, the human touch is still needed to get the most out of the software.

For example, you’ll still need someone to “operate the machinery,” so to speak, or administer the software. In a smaller company, that may be one combination payroll and HR person. In a larger company, you may need one employee to do nothing but maintain, update and run the software so that your company gets the most from its capabilities.

When HR software works best

Technology is your friend when it comes to the tactical aspects of human resources. For instance, an online time tracking system that ties to your payroll and government reporting systems can save significant time and improve accuracy over manual tracking and handwritten reports.

Cloud-based HR software can automate formerly complex, time-consuming activities including:

  • New hire paperwork, such as the I-9 authentication and reporting of right to work in the United States
  • Storing of data for compliance
  • Tracking of critical HR data related to hours worked by project or department, turnover and more
  • Garnishments, reporting and mandatory requirements that vary by state

For example, a company operating in a big state like Texas may not be accustomed to the HR complexities of hiring across state lines. But open an office in New York, and you could have employees who work in that state but live in Connecticut or New Jersey.

HR software can help ensure your compliance with multiple states’ payroll tax requirements, and prevent you from having to learn and implement such widely disparate laws on the fly. The best-case scenario is when you have the right software in place to facilitate efficiency and compliance, with access to experienced HR professionals to guide you.

What to look for in HR software

Once you’ve decided whether an HR software package delivers the basic functions your business needs and will help drive company goals, it’s time to take a deeper dive into its functionality.

Some questions to consider:

  • What purpose will this software serve? Will it eliminate, add to or integrate with your existing systems?
  • Who will administer the software? Will they require extra training? If yes, how much? How much training is included in the price?
  • Is this software backed by HR on demand? For example, even with the best software, you’ll still have the occasional compliance question. Look for a software solution with human support.
  • Will this software integrate with other existing software for payroll, time and attendance, or enterprise resource planning (ERP)?

As you talk to software vendors, it’s vital you involve frontline workers who operate existing systems to help you evaluate any new HR software and its integration requirements. Depending on your current set-up, this may mean you bring in the payroll administrator, ERP data manager, compliance officer or the HR specialist managing the current performance system.

These are the people who can help you avoid the costly mistake of buying software that ultimately will not “play nice” with your other systems, since they know the intricate details of how your existing systems really work.

Why leadership is still needed

While cloud-based software may streamline many HR processes, there’s no substitute for sound leadership. Think “strategic” versus “tactical.”

Yes, software can help a company align its objectives and drive engagement through performance management, employee feedback mechanisms, people analytics, training, and compensation and rewards systems. But no software will ever replace a leader who communicates, inspires and motivates employees to achieve the organization’s goals.

As a business grows, it becomes harder to keep employees aligned with the company’s goals and strategies. Software can help keep your ship on the right course, but at the end of the day, any technology solution is only as good as the people behind it.

Learn more about Insperity here.

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NVTC’s newest blog is by Dovel Technologies Vice President Mike Atassi. Atassi recently moderated the healthcare data analytics panel at the inaugural Capital Health Tech Summit on June 15, 2017. Scroll below for full video of the panel.


Final Logo Capital Health Tech Summit NVTC (2) Data is being generated at unprecedented levels – with more than 2.5 quintillion bytes being created every day.  Unlocking the potential value of this data will help accelerate research, develop targeted therapeutics and improve the delivery of healthcare. Today’s information and computational sciences and technologies are playing a critical role in delivering better healthcare to everyone.

Accelerating the path to discovery and finding targeted therapeutics to address some of the most chronic diseases is a promise that can be largely fulfilled with exploiting available data. Whereas primary investigation has been the most important source for generating data and discoveries, today we see how data scientists are curating existing data to make it searchable, accessible, interoperable and reusable.

A panel of experts discussed the role of data analytics in the continuum of health at the recent NVTC Capital Health Tech Summit and provided valuable lessons on how to protect, govern, and transform data into valuable information and health insights. The panelists discussed different ways to enable health data to be searchable, accessible, interoperable and reusable. Key themes from the discussion included:

Building a data-rich infrastructure: Incorporating genomic and proteomic data into clinical delivery is a challenge that is being met with innovation in technology and information architecture, transforming large, disparate data sets into consumable, actionable packages.

Utilizing advancing technologies: Deploying machine learning and predictive analytics alongside data, processes, and the workflows that already exist within hospitals can help to predict and prescribe new protocols.  For example, the use of predictive analytics and machine learning resulted in a 39 percent reduction in patient falls in just six months at a local hospital.

Improving wellness: Enabling the delivery of integrated wellness, disease management, and healthcare services to the community based on insights from data. For example, data analytics is playing a key role in improving the effectiveness and global efficiency of transfusion medicine and cellular therapeutics.

Reducing risks: Helping to prevent the spread of major diseases, such as the Zika virus, by integrating datasets from multiple sources to identify geographic risk patterns. Data also allows for the benchmarking of activities to guide decisions that will make sure that the right person gets the right treatment at the right time.

Preparing a new generation of data scientists: Bringing together interdisciplinary individuals with domain and technology expertise to develop leading public health and precision medicine professionals. Today, many institutions of higher education are offering advanced degrees in data sciences – combining the knowledge of biological sciences with computational and mathematical sciences to provide a generation of data scientist capable of unlocking values hidden in large and complex data systems. Data scientists today are already showing tremendous progress in biomedical computing in terms of developing meaningful solutions for analytics, visualization, as well as data management and governance.

With these advances, real challenges remain with limitations raised by ethical, legal, procedural and even technological constraints. In order to successfully meet these challenges, the industry must use a sound foundation of proven techniques and processes to ensure predicable results. However, the continued convergence and collaboration of biomedical sciences and technologies – along with increased demand for precision healthcare – will provide the impetus to meet these challenges and deliver real breakthroughs for better health.

View full video from the panel:

 

The panel discussion was moderated by Mike Atassi, Vice President, Dovel Technologies and was comprised of Aaron Black, Chief Data Officer, Inova Translational Medicine Institute; Dr. Abigail Flower, Lecturer, Department of Systems and Information Engineering, University of Virginia; Chris Ghion, Vice President and Chief Information Officer, Adventist HealthCare; and Dr. Barbee I. Whitaker, Senior Director, Department of Research, AABB. 

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In Asurion’s new member blog post, Senior Vice President of Retail Application Delivery and Voice Services Sean Nass discusses embracing new product development models rooted in collaboration and focused on outcomes. A global leader of connected life services, Asurion partners with leading wireless carriers, retailers and pay-tv providers to provide consumers with protection and premium tech help  supporting mobile phones, consumer electronics and home appliances. 


644-012 D15b FINAL Asurion LogoThere is a big shift in how technology companies are going about business.

Many are pivoting from a process-and project-based strategy to one that is more forward-thinking. Team members are crossing boundaries, blurring the lines of previous structures and coming together in the spirit of collaboration to deliver outcomes that exceed customer expectations.

In the old model of business, the technology focus was on delivering large projects using project managers and a pool of resources, defining and limiting capacity. Instead of focusing on an outcome, teams would get together and create big requirement documents with minute details that would bog down capacity, forcing a project through months of work and still frequently achieving a result that was somehow different from how it was initially envisioned. Opportunity costs were often lost under this old model of product development.

Now businesses are pivoting, with a more forward-thinking attitude in mind. At Asurion, we recently built what we call journey teams, individuals across key sectors of our business who come together to optimize the speed with which a project achieves its desired outcome and experience for consumers. As part of this shift, we merged product, design, technology and customer experience teams to optimize the process with the project’s outcome in mind rather than focus on the process itself. The days of separate “product” and “IT” silos are behind us. We’ve combined product, design and technology teams and have empowered them to ask the question “How do we focus on what’s best for the consumer experience?”

Take the claim process as an example. Under previous models, a customer’s claim would pass through various workflows, often with redundant or unnecessary steps that may not have been a great experience for the customer. Under our journey team model, we dedicated product, technology and design leads to focus on an outcome that equates to a positive customer experience. This mentality leads to faster time to market and less waste in resource capacity, and allows our team members the ability to innovate in a rapid fashion. More importantly, the customer has a really positive experience.

We don’t tell our journey teams what to do or how to do it – instead, they innovate and test ideas and are empowered to make decisions on their own, all with this singular goal of improving consumer experience. The journey teams put together a vision based on a desired outcome, a vision that nails down what is going to work and what isn’t to drive improvements in speed, reliability and efficiency of a product’s delivery.

The shift has opened up new channels of communication and new ways of interacting across teams, even to the point of how we collocate in our workspace. We have seen a radical change in the quality of our intercommunications because people are developing prototypes, conducting tests and not working off huge requirement documents.

Our goal is to create a seamless integration of product, technology and design that optimizes the experience for our customers.

It hasn’t all been easy, but progress doesn’t occur without change. We certainly can’t transform all teams into this model at once. However, with patience and modeling teams’ successes, we are seeing increases in quality and speed, and the enthusiasm of the teams is amazing. They are so engaged because they see a direct correlation in their work and how it dramatically improves a customer interaction. There’s more alignment among product, technology and client services than we’ve ever seen before. If you are thinking of trying something similar in your offices, I recommend forming a shared goal, a shared alignment across all teams and placing the focus on future growth. Your efficiency and product development and delivery will improve, and that’s what everyone is looking for, after all.

 

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In their new NVTC member blog post, Alvarez & Marsal Taxand discusses how companies in the tech industry can prepare for proposed tax reforms that may be implemented in the near future. Alvarez & Marsal Taxand, an affiliate of Alvarez & Marsal (A&M), a leading global professional services firm, is an independent tax group made up of experienced tax professionals dedicated to providing customized tax advice to clients and investors across a broad range of industries. Alvarez & Marsal Taxand is a founder of Taxand, the world’s largest independent tax organization, which provides high quality, integrated tax advice worldwide. 


AM_Taxand_Logo_Wordmark_color (2)Under the House Republican “Blueprint for Tax Reform” (the Blueprint), companies would be able to deduct interest expense against interest income, but no current deduction would be allowed for net interest expense. Any net interest expense would be carried forward indefinitely and allowed as a deduction against net interest income in future years. In addition, the proposed reduction of U.S. tax rates may also reduce the value of U.S. interest deductions. These proposals should impact decisions right now around multinational intercompany financing structures for tech companies, as well as other aspects of their intragroup contractual arrangements.

Until now, the high U.S. corporate income tax rate of 35 percent has created an environment that favors foreign related-party lending to U.S. affiliates, particularly when the loan is advanced from a low-tax jurisdiction. U.S. taxable income may be reduced via an interest deduction and the corresponding interest income may be captured in the lower tax jurisdiction. Alternatively, tax considerations may have made it desirable to incur third-party debt in a U.S. group company, rather than in lower-taxed group companies. The feasibility and/or desirability of these sorts of “earnings stripping” benefits would be greatly diminished by the Blueprint.

So, how are forward-looking companies, particularly in the tech industry, preparing for these potentially dramatic changes? We are seeing a number of them explore the following questions:

1. Should the debt level of U.S. group companies be reduced and, if so, how?
2. Should the interest rate be reduced on intragroup debt financing of U.S. group companies?
3. Can we replace debt financing with other forms of financing arrangements that may yield deductions other than interest expense for the U.S. company (e.g., rent expense on sale / leaseback transactions, royalty expense on intellectual property (IP) licensing transactions)?
4. Should U.S. group companies make interest-bearing loans to other group companies that can benefit from interest deductions in their countries, thereby creating interest income in the U.S., against which the U.S. company could then deduct its own interest expense (e.g., should a U.S. company be a group finance company)?
5. Can lost interest deductions be replaced by more aggressive transfer pricing for other intragroup transactions (e.g., the intragroup purchase and/or sale of goods or services)?

All of these questions regarding intragroup transactions have important transfer pricing implications. For most intragroup transactions (other than those rare instances when the comparable uncontrolled price method is the best method), the prevailing transfer pricing theory permits a range of choices for the intercompany transfer price. So, whether the decision relates to the level of U.S. indebtedness, the substitution of interest expense with other types of deductions, or the creation of interest income in the U.S., the after-tax impact of those decisions can be significantly enhanced by proactive transfer pricing planning. This is true regardless of whether the objective is the more traditional one of minimizing taxable income in the U.S., or a new one to increase taxable income in the U.S. (with the offsetting decrease in other countries with higher tax rates) in light of dramatically changed U.S. tax rules. Our international tax and transfer pricing specialists can help your company to determine the most desirable course of action and to substantiate an appropriate / defensible range of choices for intercompany prices that will yield the optimal results.

Visit A&M Taxand’s Tax Advisor Minute for more helpful insights for executives in the technology sector.

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This week’s member blog post is from Tangible Security Executive Chairman and CEO Dr. Mark Mykityshyn. Tangible Security employs the most sophisticated cybersecurity tools and techniques available to protect clients’ sensitive data, infrastructure and competitive advantage. Dr. Mykityshyn discusses the current regulatory climate around drones and unmanned aircraft systems and the need for new policies to fuel market growth in the industry.


Undoubtedly, drones and unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) are a very hot topic these days and their technology, business, policy and cybersecurity implications continue to rapidly expand and evolve.

Tangible Security recently participated in a roundtable meeting in Washington, D.C. that engaged thought leaders and stakeholders from aerospace and aviation, academia, Congress, government and related industry organizations. The group shared ideas, explored and challenged assumptions, and discussed policy positions and current practices in drone/UAS.

The roundtable was organized by ADS Infrastructure Partners (ADS) as part of a national campaign to help fund and establish the Drone/Unmanned Aircraft Systems Regulatory Association (DURA), the first step in unlocking the full economic value of the sector.

Roundtable conferees widely acknowledged that development of the drone/UAS commercial market is constrained, in great part, due to the existing FAA regulatory environment and the slow pace of rulemaking and certification. The group recognized that drone/UAS sector regulation requires urgent streamlining to realize full market potential, economic growth and jobs.

According to FAA’s recent market forecast, sales of UAS for commercial purposes are expected to grow from 600,000 in 2016 to 2.7 million by 2020. Industry experts have recognized that this growth, and the billions of dollars at stake, may not materialize without overhauling the current regulatory model.

Conferees also agreed that the immediate next step is to explore the pros and cons of drone industry regulation through delegation of FAA authority mandated by Congressional legislation, and to develop a blueprint for the new organization. The creation of DURA, an archetype of an industry-led public-private partnership, is an idea whose “time has come,” according to many roundtable attendees.

According to Jim Williams, head of JHW Unmanned Solutions, and most recently the Manager responsible for the FAA’s Unmanned Aircraft Systems Integration Office, “The future of unmanned aircraft operations depends on finding new ways to manage the airspace and regulate the operators. Forming a delegated organization to manage the airspace, approve the vehicles, and oversee the operators is the key to opening up this extremely valuable new segment of aviation.”

To expand this dialog nationwide, ADS will hold a National Summit in Washington, D.C. in September 2017 where leaders who represent more than five hundred businesses, agencies, associations, customers and stakeholders will assemble.

If you or your organization is interested in participating in DURA or attending the National Summit in September, please don’t hesitate to email me. All members of the technology, aviation and business community are invited to attend.

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Did you know nearly 90% of all successful ransomware attacks were on hospitals in 2016? In his guest blog, Ostendio CEO and Co-Founder Grant Elliott sheds light on the cybersecurity implications of healthcare today and the importance of engaging healthcare employees in cybersecurity. Elliott will be speaking on the Cybersecurity Panel at the Capital Health Tech Summit taking place on June 15, 2017 at the Inova Center for Personalized Health.


Ostendio Logo-01Why is healthcare so heavily and successfully targeted by cybercrime? After a record number of breaches last year – nearly 90% of all successful ransomware attacks were on hospitals – it’s one that needs to be asked.

Cybercriminals target healthcare data because hospitals need immediate access to up-to-date patient information in order to provide critical care. When malware enters the system, it prohibits access to data, and in turn, prevents hospital staff from efficiently and effectively treating a patient. The cybercriminals then demand a ransom, usually in the form of Bitcoins. Ransomware is growing in popularity because it works. In 2014 alone, the FBI estimates that the minds behind the CryptoLocker strain of ransomware received nearly $27 million in six months out of data taken hostage.

When MedStar Health, a health system serving the Baltimore/Washington region, was hit by a cyberattack in 2016, they choose not to pay the Bitcoin ransom, instead choosing to shut every aspect of MedStar Health’s electronic medical record systems off.

Hospitals are also a prime target because employees aren’t always trained on security awareness. While HIPAA aims to ensures that patient privacy is protected, in general, hospitals do not place a big enough emphasis on the importance of cybersecurity. Protecting data has always been a challenge, but an aware and invested workforce can become your company’s first line of defense.

So, what can be done to try and reduce the number of data breaches?

Look to your employees. Employees are an organization’s greatest asset, and they need to be treated as such. It takes just one click on a malicious link to bring a whole system down. Make sure that each and every employee understands their role in a cybersecurity program. They need to know where data is, when they should access it, how it should be used and how it’s being protected. Only then can they can become your front line of cyber defense.

Learn more about Ostendio here and check out the latest Capital Health Tech Summit agenda!

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Is your organization DFARS cybersecurity compliant? Read on for more information on how your organization can stay compliant and be ready to handle cyber-attacks in CohnReznick’s new member blog. CohnReznick provides clients with forward thinking advice that helps them navigate complex business and financial issues.


cohnreznick-logoCyber-attacks on organizations, including government contractors and federal agencies, have been rapidly increasing over time. With a lack of defined security policies, processes and controls, many government contractors are ill-equipped to effectively handle potential cyber-attacks that could severely undermine business operations and swiftly lead to insurmountable damages as data and records are destroyed.

To mitigate the risk that businesses face, cybersecurity standards are becoming more prevalent. In particular, organizations with government contracts need to demonstrate compliance with cybersecurity standards as specified in contract requirements and regulations. For example, defense contractors that provide services to Department of Defense (DoD) agencies related to building, maintaining and managing DoD systems, networks, programs, or data may be required to demonstrate compliance with Defense Federal Acquisition Regulation Supplement (DFARS) Safeguarding rules and clauses.

In 2015, the DoD issued a ruling that requires defense contractors and subcontractors to demonstrate cybersecurity compliance with regard to the protection of Covered Defense Information (CDI), also known as Controlled Unclassified Information (CUI), or Unclassified Controlled Technical Information (UCTI).

How Can A Defense Contractor Demonstrate DFARS Clause Compliance?

GovCon Article Graphics1bDefense contractors and sub-contractors must implement and continuously assess security requirements, thereby demonstrating adequate cybersecurity measures are in place to safeguard CDI information from unauthorized access and disclosure. Additionally, such security measures can help identify, prevent, detect and report cyber-related intrusion events that affect defense contractors’ unclassified information systems. The security requirements are specified in National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) Special Publication (SP) 800-171, “Protecting Controlled Unclassified Information in Nonfederal Information Systems and Organizations.”

Security requirements are categorized into 14 control families as listed in the graphic to the right. In addition to implementing the 14 security requirements, defense contractors and sub-contractors must have processes in place to identify a cybersecurity incident and report the incident no later than 72 hours upon discovery of the incident/breach. Reporting of the incident requires addressing elements, as outlined on the cyber incident reporting form, and providing necessary supporting documentation and evidence related to the incident. The incident can only be reported using a DoD-approved medium assurance certificate.

Pair DFARS Compliance Assessment With Advanced Breach Detection Solutions

GovCon Article Graphics2_WithTitleA critical component of DFARS regulation, as well as an area where we have found contractors to continually lack capabilities, is in breach detection. That is why it is important to have advanced solutions combined with appropriate governance and mature processes to enable contractors to rapidly detect devices of interest and indicators of compromise (IOC).

CohnReznick utilizes a holistic solution designed explicitly to fill this gap with clients. Our solutions can analyze thousands of protocols and hundreds of new attack vectors each day to find breaches and anomalous behavior on the defense contractor network. X-ray visibility into your environment is achieved by continuously analyzing application-based metadata ― combined with user information and the latest threat intelligence, against past, current, and future network activity ― to detect any previously unidentified breaches. Defense contractors and sub-contractors can be assured of accelerated compliance with DFARS requirements for incident response, risk assessment, and system and communications protection.

Moreover, IOCs and compromised device behavior can be pinpointed through behavioral analysis conducted on the network communications. Such IOCs and compromised device behavior could include:

Anomalous internal file transfers

Unexpected protocols

Suspicious or illegitimate connections

Encrypted communications

Unauthorized credential usage

Use of anonymizing applications

Risks from bring your own device (BYOD) policies

Beaconing

Exfiltration

Non-standard ports

Remote access tools

Suspicious downloads

File type mismatches

What If I Can’t Demonstrate DFARS Clause Compliance?

The defense contractor is required to notify the DoD CIO within 30 days of contract award if the defense contractor and their sub-contractors are not in compliance with all of the security requirements. Contractors have until December 2017 to attain compliance with all of the security requirements in NIST SP 800-171. Non-compliance can lead to cure notices, adverse past performance, fee reduction penalties, and possibly civil False Claims Act (FCA) implications, as well as reputational risk and responsibility issues, which could lead to loss of awards.


About CohnReznick’s Technology Risk and Cybersecurity Services

CohnReznick provides cybersecurity solutions that are dynamic, scalable, and tailored for growth companies. CohnReznick’s security professionals average more than 15 years in the field and hold key certifications. Our professionals have deep experience assisting organizations in implementing and complying with information and cybersecurity requirements using NIST 800-53, DIACAP, ISO 27001, COBIT and other industry leading standards and frameworks. Learn more.

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NVTC’s Spring 2017 The Voice of Technology magazine cover story, “Past is Prologue,” highlighted the Internet2 networking consortium and its role in supporting the early stages of the Internet, as well as its continued impact in connecting universities, government agencies, libraries, healthcare organizations and corporations today.

As a follow up to the article, University of Maryland Associate Vice President for Corporate and Foundation Relations Brian Darmody discusses University of Maryland’s role in early Internet development below in their new member blog post.


Did you know the nation’s first Internet exchange point was established at the University of Maryland (UMD)?

UMD Blog v2UMD and UMD Professor Glenn Ricart played a strong role in the start of the interconnected Internet that we know of today. Prof. Ricart developed the nation’s first Internet exchange point at UMD in 1988, which connected the original federal TCP/IP networks and the first U.S. commercial and non-commercial networks. Arguably, this was the world’s first ISP as a commercial vendor joined the previously university-only network. This exchange point was called the Federal Internet Exchange (FIX), then FIX-East and then MAE-East.

Later, Prof. Ricart would go on to help UMD establish the nation’s first TCP/IP university campus-wide network.  For these and other accomplishments, Prof. Ricart was inducted into the Internet Hall of Fame in 2013.

Prof. Ricart’s early work in laying the foundation for the Internet continues today in the Mid-Atlantic Crossroads in the UMD Research Park, which is one of the nation’s most robust regional high-speed connectivity networks for research and service to K-12 schools, universities, nonprofits, federal research agencies and the private sector, including counties in Virginia, companies in D.C. and federal agencies in Maryland.

In 1994, UMD’s alumni magazine featured an article on the early work UMD did in computer networking in the 1980s, which featured one of the first computer messages that was delivered from UMD to George Washington University. It is interesting to read the article now given the ubiquity of computer networking today, but is a proud illustration of our region’s role in pioneering the early computer communications infrastructure. Check out the article below:

 

Internet Network Is Born (Fall 1994, UMD Alumni Magazine)

UMD Blog 1At the annual Computer Science Center Christmas party in 1986, the champagne glasses were clinking, the holiday music was humming and Jack Hahn, project director for the newly formed Southeastern University Research Association network (SURAnet), was “walking on air.” On that day, an electronic message was sent from the University of Maryland at College Park to George Washington University — the first on a network whose technology would become the model for what Hahn calls, “one of the most powerful intellectual tools that mankind has ever had at its fingertips.”

Although no one seems to recall just what that historic message was (“probably, something like ‘hey, is this thing working?’” says Hahn), the first few keystrokes were the culmination of years of work initiated by Glenn Ricart, director of the university’s Computer Science Center.

The idea was to link the 14 SURA institutions into a communications network so that information could be trans-ferred between academic departments on each campus. It was such a novel idea at the time that, when Ricart brought his proposal to the National Science Foundation, they couldn’t tell him which office to send it to. “Nobody had ever done a network like this before, and it wasn’t clear that this was science and how this would help science, so NSF really didn’t know what to do with it,” he says (the NSF ended up establishing an entire division for networking and computing and solicited similar proposals).

In the meantime, Ricart, Hahn, Mark Oros, network operations supervisor, and Mike Petry, manager of communication  software, retreated to the nondescript basement of the Computer and Space Sciences building and began wiring the circuits that would link an entire region.

By late spring of 1987, connections to the original SURAnet universities were up and running. Colleges and universities from other regions recognized a good thing and began flocking to College Park to see the new technology. The National Science Foundation then decided to link all the regional networks using something called “fuzzball technology” developed by Dave Mills, an adjunct professor at College Park, and the humble beginnings of what would become known as the present-day Internet were formed.

Hahn originally monitored the fledgling network from his basement. “I used to say SURAnet has a network information center and a network operations center — a nic and noc — and you’re talking to both of them,” he says.

Adding more universities, federal institutions and commercial networks, SURAnet grew too large to remain on campus and now employs 40 people in a “somewhat secret” location on Route 1 in College Park. Over 400 organizations across 13 states and the District of Columbia are supported by the network, ranging from the Enoch Pratt Free Library in Maryland to the U.S. Department of Natural Resources and state and local governments in the region.

 

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This week’s NVTC member guest blog is by Telos Corporation CEO and Chairman and NVTC Board Member John B. Wood. Telos Corporation is an information technology leader that offers solutions to empower and protect the world’s most security-conscious enterprises.


telos-logoWith the May 11 signing of the “Presidential Executive Order on Strengthening the Cybersecurity of Federal Networks and Critical Infrastructure,” our nation took a major step forward in improving our overall cyber posture.

As I said in the hours after the President signed the order, even the most rigorous processes for managing modern cyber threats require a foundation of modern technology. That’s why I was encouraged to see that the executive order specifically instructed federal agencies to show preference in their procurement for shared IT services, including the cloud. A growing number of federal agencies have realized that the cloud offers them secure and cost-efficient computing capabilities, but many others have been hesitant to make the move. This executive order provides the needed boost for all agencies to look towards the cloud.

With this executive order and the latest version of the Modernizing Government Technology Act (MGT) legislation moving through Congress, I believe we have reached a tipping point where the federal government will have the White House support and the financial means to truly tackle IT modernization and make it a top area of focus for every agency. In unveiling the order, the White House also showed vision by saying that planned federal IT modernization will include transitioning agencies to one or more consolidated networks, with the goal being to view “our IT as one federal enterprise network.”

Another very interesting aspect of the order, which I was likewise encouraged to see, was the direction for all federal agencies to immediately begin to use the NIST Cybersecurity Framework (CSF) to manage their cybersecurity risk.  At Telos, we have long advocated for a common language when it comes to cybersecurity so stakeholders in all areas of the organization can communicate about cyber risk, which ultimately leads to more informed decisions about what security investments need to be made. The CSF is a powerful framework for enabling improved risk management throughout the government enterprise. Replacing outdated legacy systems, and making adoption of the framework more efficient with automation, will only strengthen our government’s cybersecurity defenses.

In the near-term, I will be paying close attention as agencies work to provide their own 90-day plans for implementing the NIST CSF, as required by this executive order.

Locally, this order should be welcome news to the vast number of technology and cybersecurity companies in Northern Virginia who work with the federal government. For those of us in this field, the executive order is exactly the type of nudge that federal agencies have needed to make the necessary improvements to their IT infrastructure and cybersecurity posture. However, for this executive order to truly deliver value, it will be contingent upon industry and government working together. I have no doubt that industry will step up to ensure success.

Overall, the cybersecurity executive order constitutes a long-overdue move by the federal government to take the steps necessary to better protect its networks and data. Moreover, the order sends a powerful message that our nation’s cyber defenses must continuously be monitored, evaluated and improved, and that this effort will be a key priority for this administration over the coming months and years.

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